This is an advanced course in analytical chemistry that combines classroom discussions with practical, hands-on investigations in the laboratory. In the classroom, the theory of analytical instrumentation related to chromatography, spectroscopy, and air-sampling will be discussed. In the laboratory, the student will investigate real world analytical targets such as food additives, pharmaceuticals, and pollutants that occur in air, water, and soil, using standardized techniques and instrumental analysis. The student will be expected to demonstrate competency and critical thinking through knowledgeable and effective oral and written communication; this will be accomplished by generating comprehensive laboratory reports, as well as accurate and precise experimental results. The student will plan, interpret, and execute standardized techniques prescribed by regulatory agencies, such as Standard Methods, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, in particular, methods from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Ontario's Ministry of Labour, and Ministry of Environment, and the United States' Pharmacopeia. The performance of standardized procedures in this course will prepare the student to apply those techniques in the workplace.