The designs operating principles and major components of steam turbines as well as support and control systems are covered. Start-up shutdown procedures and operating principles of steam turbine condensers that are used extensively with large steam turbine systems are covered. This course examines the application of the ideal heat cycles such as Carnot Rankine Otto Diesel and Brayton. Efficiencies of heat engines including steam turbines and gas turbines are calculated. Fired heater design components and operation are discussed. This course also includes a thorough examination of gas turbines and internal combustion engines including the required auxiliaries operating principles maintenance and proper procedures required to ensure safe and efficient operation of a cogeneration plant.